Q: UPON WHOM IS ZAKAAT FARDH AND WHEN DOES ZAKAAT BECOME FARDH UPON A PERSON?
A: The conditions for Zakaat to be Fardh (Obligatory) upon a person are as follows:
- A person has to be a Muslim. (Kuffaar do not have to give Zakaat)
- A person has to be free. (Today slavery does not exist. When slavery existed, Zakaat was not Fardh upon slaves)
- A person has to be sane. (Zakaat is not Fardh on insane people)
- A person has to be Baaligh. (Zakaat is not Fardh on those that have not yet attained puberty – immature persons)
- A person needs to be the owner of the Zakaat Nisaab. (Nisaab is the minimum amount which a person must have for Zakaat to be Fardh upon one’s self. One needs to contact the Ulama in order to find out what is the Nisaab amount. A person who has less than the Nisaab amount, does not have to pay Zakaat. The
Zakaat Nisaab is the value of 612 grams silver)
- The Nisaab must be over and above one’s basic needs and debts. (If a person has the Nisaab amount after deducting his basic expenses, but he has a debt which if deducted, would make him/her have less than the Nisaab amount, then Zakaat is not Waajib upon such a person)
- After owning the Nisaab amount, a year has to pass for Zakaat to be Fardh upon the owner of the Nisaab amount. (A person got the Nisaab amount, but he did not have it for a full year, for example he had on 1 Muharram the Nisaab amount, but at the end of the year 30 Zul Hijjah, he did not have the Nisaab amount, it is not Fardh upon such a person to discharge Zakaat. Always remember that one’s year begins when one has the amount of Nisaab.)
Q: IS ZAKAAT FARDH?
A: To give Zakaat is Fardh. The Fardhiyyat (Obligation) of Zakaat is established from the Qur’aan and the Ahaadeeth of Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. The one who says that Zakaat is not Fardh, becomes a Kaafir.