Q: MAY ONE PERFORM JUMUAH SALAAH ON A SHIP WHICH IS DOCKED IN THE HARBOUR?
A: No, Jumuah Salaah may not be performed on a ship whether it is docked in the harbour or it is moving on water.
One of the main reasons why Jumuah Salaah is not valid in prisons, on ships, etc. is the the non-fulfilment of the condition of ‘ithne-Aam’ (general permission).
For the validilty of Jumuah, general permission to the Muslim public is necessary. if this condition is lacking, Jumuah is not permissible and not even valid.
Many Muftis have failed to understand what is written in the Kitaabs. They quote a text from Shaami without understanding what is written.
The text simply means that one may ‘lock the door’. The locking of the door (of the fort/prison/ship) or the security is not meant to prevent Musallis. In fact, they even quote the text which says “locking the door of the fort is (to prevent) the enemy, not (to prevent) the Musalli.”
Now look at their misinterpretation of the texts. But people from outside are not at all allowed to perform Jumuah at a prison, nor are they allowed to even enter the ship. Whereas, the locking supposed to be only for security, the locking is instead to debar the general public from entering.
Nobody is arguing about locking the door or security. We are speaking of the general Muslim public being allowed to participate in the Jumuah. Locking the door should not be interpreted as preventing Musallis. The door must be opened for a Musalli, even if it is kept locked. It is Haraam to prevent a Musalli from Jumuah, even if he is not boarding the ship such as a passenger or he is not a prisoner.
If the locking of the prison or the ship’s entrance is just to prevent an enemy or to ensure safety, then why are the Musallis of the general public prohibited from entering? This proves that there is no Ithne Aam (general permission)! Thus, it is not permissible to perform Jumuah on a ship or in prison.
Q: IS IT APPROPRIATE FOR A MASJID TO HAVE LOUDSPEAKERS FOR SALAAH? SOME SAY THAT THE WOMEN AT HOME LISTEN TO THE SALAAH.
A: Whilst a loudspeaker may be utilized for Bayaans and Azaan, it is not permissible to use a mike/loudspeaker for Salaah or Khutbah. It is not necessary for the women to listen to the Jamaat Salaah! They are performing their Salaah individually and they may not follow the Jamaat Salaah from home. Furthermore, this argument of women listening to the Salaah is a putrid argument for the utilization of loudspeakers for Salaah.
Q: FOR HOW LONG SHOULD A PERSON REMAIN IN SAJDAH?
A:The minimum duration of Masnoon Sajdah is to recite Subhaanallaah thrice. There is no maximum duration. Any number of Tasbeehs more than three times may be recited. Reciting in odd numbers is preferable, e.g. 5, 7, 9, etc.
THE VALUE OF JAMAAT SALAAT
Hadhrat Ubaidullah Bin Umar Qawaareeri (rahmatullah alayh) who was the Ustaad of Imaam Bukhaari (rahmatullah alayh) and of Imaam Muslim (rahmatullah alayh), narrated:
“I always performed Isha Salaat with Jamaat. I had never missed Isha with Jamaat. Once, whilst entertaining a guest, I missed Isha Jamaat. I set out into the streets of Basra searching for a Musjid where Isha Salaat had perhaps not yet been performed. However, I could not find a single Musjid. Isha had already been performed and the Musaajid had been closed.
I was much grieved to have missed the Isha Jamaat. It occurred to me that in the Hadith it is mentioned that the Salaat performed with Jamaat is 27 times superior to the Salaat performed alone. U therefore performed Isha Salaat that night 27 times in the expectation of receiving the reward of Jamaat.
That night in a dream I saw myself on horseback together with a group of horsemen in a race. In the race, my horse trailed far behind. Regardless of my endeavours, I could not catch up with the group. An observer remarked: “Don’t burden the horse unnecessarily. You will never reach them.” I asked: “Why?” He said: “Because you had missed your Isha’ Jamaat whilst all of them had performed Isha’ with Jamaat.” I am overwhelmed with grief for this huge loss which I had sustained